HURRICANE WARNING! (UPDATED) 10/06 2016, 7:10.00 (EDT) UPDATE, DATA COMPILED BY THE WEATHER CHANEL PHOTOGRAPHY/VIDEOGRAPHY BY GEORGE BLACK JR.

KNOCK, KNOCK, KNOCK, HERE I AM!! At 10:1.00 (EST) THE WIND SPEED HAS INCREASED. IT LOOKS LIKE WE ARE IN FOR AN EXCITING NIGHT.

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Potentially Catastrophic Hurricane Strike With ‘Sandy-Like’ Storm Surge For Parts of Florida, Georgia, South Carolina; Matthew’s Eyewall Currently Pounding Freeport in Northwest Bahamas

Published:
Oct 6 2016 07:00 PM EDT
weather.com
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FL Gov.: ‘Time is Running Out’

Florida Governor Rick Scott warns coastal residents to get out now before Hurricane Matthew arrives.

Story Highlights

Matthew may be a Category 4 or 5 hurricane before striking the Florida coast starting Thursday night.

This will be the strongest Florida east coast strike since Hurricane Andrew.

Matthew will bring destructive hurricane conditions to eastern Florida, the Georgia coast and coastal South Carolina.

“Sandy-like” storm surge for parts of Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and flooding rain are also likely.

Matthew will then meander off the Southeast coast well into next week.

Hurricane Matthew, once again a Category 4 hurricane hammering the northwest Bahamas, is hours away from beginning a potentially catastrophic, rare Category 4, perhaps even Category 5 siege on Florida’s east coast, with dangerous storm surge, destructive winds and flooding rainfall stretching into Georgia and South Carolina by the weekend.

(MORE: WATCH OUR CONTINUOUS LIVE COVERAGE ON THE WEATHER CHANNEL)

Projected Path and Intensity

Projected Path and Intensity

The eyewall may deliver the strongest, most destructive winds anyone in parts of the northeast and east-central Florida coast has seen in their lifetime. The last, and only, Category 4 hurricane to make landfall anywhere in northeast Florida or the Georgia coast was an 1898 hurricane south of St. Simons Island, Georgia.

(MORE: State-by-State Evacuation Orders | Interactive Matthew Tracker Page)

According to the National Weather Service in Jacksonville, Florida, “Some of the lowest barrier islands will be completely overtopped with large battering waves and life-threatening flooding. Barrier islands are likely to be breached and it is extremely possible that new inlets will be cut off in the worst affected areas.

This will be a much greater storm surge than the New Jersey shore saw during Superstorm Sandy in Oct. 2012, the National Weather Service in Jacksonville, Florida, says.

The National Weather Service in Melbourne, Florida, also pulled no punches regarding the potential impact, saying Matthew would likely be stronger than any hurricane in recent decades, including the 2004 hurricanes (Charley, Frances, Jeanne) as well as Hurricane David in 1979.

Embedded in NWS-Melbourne’s hurricane local statement Thursday morning were these chilling paragraphs:

WIDESPREAD EXTENSIVE TO DEVASTATING WIND IMPACTS WILL BE FELT.
AIRBORNE DEBRIS LOFTED BY EXTREME WINDS WILL BE CAPABLE OF BREACHING
STRUCTURES, UNPROTECTED WINDOWS AND VEHICLES. EFFECTS SUCH AS THESE
RANGING FROM THE COAST TO WELL INLAND HAVE NOT BEEN EXPERIENCED IN
CENTRAL FLORIDA IN DECADES.

LOCAL WINDS WILL EXCEED WHAT OCCURRED DURING THE HURRICANES OF
2004. ANY EVACUATIONS AND STRUCTURE PREPARATION SHOULD BE COMPLETED
THIS AFTERNOON. TRAVEL WILL BE STRONGLY DISCOURAGED BEGINNING AT DUSK.
EXPECT WIDESPREAD POWER OUTAGES.

The severe impacts from this hurricane could lead to some locations being uninhabitable for weeks or months, the National Weather Service says.

Hurricane warnings have been extended northward to South Santee River, South Carolina. This includes locations such as OrlandoJacksonville, FloridaSavannah, Georgia, and Charleston, South Carolina.

A hurricane warning remains in effect along the entire east coast of Florida, as well as the northwest Bahamas.

A tropical storm warning has been issued from north of South Santee River, South Carolina, to Surf City, North Carolina.

(MORE: Hurricane Central | Interactive Storm Tracker Map)

All preparations in the eastern Florida peninsula, coastal Georgia and southern South Carolina should be rushed to completion.

Current Watches/Warnings

Current Watches/Warnings

Latest Status and Storm Reports

Satellite and radar imagery show the eye of Matthew making steady progress toward the Florida coast. The northwest Bahamas are still being battered by Matthew, as well.

Matthew’s tropical storm-force wind field (at least 39 mph sustained winds) extends up to 185 miles from the center, and hurricane-force winds extend up to 60 miles from the center.

Current Wind Speed and Gusts

Current Wind Speed and Gusts

Some outer rainbands have been pivoting into Florida over the past several hours, with some stronger gusts embedded in those bands. Conditions will quickly deteriorate through Thursday evening. In the 7 p.m. hour, winds gusted to 55 mph with sustained tropical storm force winds at Lake Worth Pier in eastern Florida.

Latest Radar, Warnings

Latest Radar, Warnings

Timing For Matthew

Projected Path and Intensity

Projected Path and Intensity

Here is the approximate timing of the worst wind and surge impacts, coinciding with the nearest passage of the eyewall of Matthew. (Note that Matthew’s eye may never make landfall, but its eyewall, containing the hurricane’s strongest winds, may do so.)

  • Southeast Florida: Thursday evening through early Friday
  • East-central, northeastern Florida: Friday through Friday night
  • Georgia coast: Friday evening through Saturday morning
  • South Carolina: Saturday through Saturday night
  • North Carolina (mainly south): Saturday afternoon through early Sunday

(MORE: Facts/Myths About the Hurricane Cones of Uncertainty)

Small, subtle changes in the path of the eyewall, sometimes not resolvable until hours before the passage, will make a large difference on wind impact.

(MORE: When Hurricanes Parallel the Coast Instead of Making Landfall)

Storm Surge, Battering Waves, Beach Erosion Dangers

Major, damaging storm surge flooding is expected as Matthew curls its way northward along the Southeast coast. If you live along the immediate coast and are told to evacuate, please do so.

Here is how high the water could reach during this life-threatening inundation if the peak surge coincides with high tide, according to the National Hurricane Center:

  • Sebastian Inlet, Florida, to the Edisto Beach, South Carolina: 7 to 11 feet above ground level
  • Deerfield Beach, Florida, to the Sebastian Inlet, Florida: 4 to 6 feet above ground level
  • Edisto Beach, South Carolina, to South Santee River, South Carolina: 4 to 6 feet above ground level
  • South Santee River, South Carolina, to Cape Fear, North Carolina: 2 to 4 feet above ground level
  • Virginia Key, Florida, to Deerfield Beach, Florida: 1 to 2 feet above ground level

(MAP: NHC Prototype Storm Surge Watch/Warning)

The 7- to 11-foot above ground level forecast storm surge from Sebastian Inlet, Florida, to the Edisto Beach, South Carolina, is comparable, or even higher in spots, than what New Jersey and New York experienced during Superstorm Sandy in Oct. 2012. The highest surge values there were 4 to 9 feet above ground level.

Storm Surge Inundation Forecast

Storm Surge Inundation Forecast

Here are times of high and low tides for several locations that could see significant storm surge inundation. Keep in mind the NHC surge forecasts are “worst-case scenarios” if they occur at high tide.

St. Augustine, Florida 12:39 a.m. Fri. – high 6:42 a.m. Fri. – low 1:04 p.m. Fri – high 7:34 p.m. Fri – low
Jacksonville Beach, Florida 12:35 a.m. Fri. – high 6:29 a.m. Fri – low 1:03 p.m. Fri – high 7:29 p.m. Fri – low
St. Simons, Georgia 7:30 p.m. Fri – low 1:29 a.m. Sat – high 7:28 a.m. Sat low 1:50 p.m. Sat – high
Fort Pulaski, Georgia 7:24 p.m. Fri – low 1:22 a.m. Sat – high 7:23 a.m. Sat. – low 1:54 p.m. Sat – high
Charleston, South Carolina 12:57 a.m. Sat – high 7:04 a.m. Sat – low 1:39 p.m. Sat – high 8:04 p.m. Sat – low

Matthew will also continue to generate large, battering waves along the entire coastline of the Southeast through this weekend. Mariners should stay out of the water given this danger.

Forecast Waves From Matthew

Forecast Waves From Matthew

Of course, major beach erosion is a given with all those factors above playing out.

Destructive, Potentially Deadly Hurricane-Force Winds

Hourly Wind Gust Forecast

Hourly Wind Gust Forecast

Forecast wind gusts for Matthew. These are subject to change depending on Matthew’s exact path.

Matthew’s eyewall will likely rake a sizable swath of Florida’s east coast, as at least Category 4 intensity, and is probable to pass near enough to the coasts of Georgia and South Carolina to bring hurricane conditions to those areas as well.
These may be the strongest, most destructive winds experienced along parts of the Florida east coast in decades, and may be of a magnitude not seen by many residents along the east-central and northeast Florida and Georgia coasts.

Hurricane-force winds (sustained 74-plus mph) are likely along Florida’s east coast starting Thursday night, and potentially north of there in coastal parts of Georgia and the Carolinas Friday into Saturday.

Structural wind damage is expected along with downed trees and widespread power outages in areas where hurricane-force winds occur. Matthew is forecast to be a major hurricane (Category 3 or stronger) when it moves near Florida’s east coast, so extreme wind damage from winds over 100 mph is very possible.

The National Weather Service said in a local statement that widespread extensive to devastating wind impacts will be felt along the coast. Power outages could last for many days.

Power Outage Threat

Power Outage Threat

Should the center of Matthew ride right along the coast of Florida, hurricane-force winds could occur as far inland as Lake Okeechobee and the Orlando area in Florida. Widespread power outages could occur in those areas, as well.

(MORE: Impact Differences When a Hurricane Parallels the Coast Instead of Making Landfall)

Hurricane-Force Wind Probabilities

Hurricane-Force Wind Probabilities

Hurricane-force winds are possible in coastal parts of Georgia and South Carolina Friday night into Saturday. Widespread power outages, tree damage and structural damage is likely.

The potential for tropical storm-force winds (39-plus mph) will encompass a larger part of Florida as well as southeast Georgia and the coastal Carolinas. These winds could expand all the way to the Gulf of Mexico.

How strong those winds are in any one location will depend on where the center of Matthew tracks in relation to the Southeast coast.

(FORECAST: Charleston | Jacksonville | Miami | Wilmington)

Even tropical storm-force winds could down trees and knock out power.

Rainfall Flooding, Tornadoes

Two other threats from Matthew are the potential for rainfall flooding and tornadoes.

The heaviest rainfall totals, possibly ranging between 5-12 inches, are likely to be confined to the immediate coast, from Florida to eastern North Carolina. There is a potential for even heavier rainfall if Matthew makes landfall.

The storm surge will also limit rainfall runoff, aggravating flooding, especially in coastal locations where swollen rivers cannot drain, backing up rivers potentially miles inland.

Rainfall Forecast

Rainfall Forecast

An isolated tornado threat could also develop on the Southeast coast, as Matthew’s center draws close.

Matthew’s Strange Future Next Week

You may have noticed the forecast track has changed radically for areas from North Carolina northward.

Matthew will not get “picked up” by a southward dip in the jet stream forecast to push into the Northeast U.S. this weekend.

Instead, Matthew is expected to curl southeast, then south away from the coastal Carolinas beginning later Sunday.

Matthew is then expected to meander off the Southeast coast or north of the northwest Bahamas into next week, but details on where it may eventually go, including, perhaps a second strike as a weaker system in the Bahamas or Florida, are uncertain at this time.

(MORE: Matthew May Look Back Toward Florida, Bahamas for Second Hit)

Bahamas Impacts

Conditions will remain dangerous in the northwestern Bahamas, including Freeport, through Friday morning. Settlement Point in the Bahamas recently reported a sustained wind of 75 mph with a gust to 98 mph.

Early Thursday evening, Freeport in the northwest Bahamas reported sustained winds of 100 mph with gusts up to 121 mphas the northern eyewall lashed the area.

Current Storm Status

Current Storm Status

Winds gusted to 85 mph in Nassau Thursday. Wednesday night, a 119 mph sustained wind was clocked at Exuma International Airport. Sustained winds over 100 mph were also clocked at George Town, also on Exuma.

 

Remarkable observation tonight from GGT Airport as rakes the Bahamas

 

The worst wind and surge impacts, coinciding with the nearest passage of the eyewall of Matthew, will affect the northwest Bahamas through Friday morning.

A storm surge of 10 to 15 feet, compounded by up to 15 inches of rainfall from Matthew will lead to life-threatening water rises in the Bahamas. Battering waves riding atop the surge will only compound the damage potential.

This is on the order of storm surge witnessed during Hurricane Joaquin almost exactly one year ago, only this time, it may occur over the entire island chain, rather than just the central and southeast Bahamas.

(FLASHBACK: Hurricane Joaquin 2015)

All interests along the Southeast U.S. coast should be rushing preparations to completion.

Check back with us frequently at weather.com for any important forecast updates.

Storm Reports, Recap

George F.L. Charles Airport on St. Lucia picked up 9.21 inches of rain Wednesday. On the south side of the island, Hewanorra Int’l Airport picked up 13.19 inches of rain in just 12 hours from 8 p.m. Wednesday through 8 a.m. Thursday, according to the Antigua Met Service.

A wind gust to 89 mph was reported in St. Pierre, Martinique, Wednesday evening. Some stations are elevated at 50 to 100 feet. Sustained winds of 39 mph were reported on the island of Barbados.

Matthew strengthened to a rare Category 5 late Friday evening, becoming the first Category 5 Atlantic basin hurricane since Hurricane Felix in early September 2007.

(MORE: Category 5 Hurricanes Prior to Matthew)

Hurricane Matthew became the fifth hurricane of the 2016 Atlantic hurricane season early Thursday afternoon.

According to Colorado State University tropical scientist Dr. Phil Klotzbach, Matthew became the lowest latitude Category 5 hurricane in the Atlantic on record (beating the old record set by Ivan in 2004).

Some outer rainbands triggered flash flooding in Jamaica Sunday, hundreds of miles away from the center of Matthew.

Interestingly Sunday night, a fortunately-placed NOAA buoy sampled Matthew’s eye, providing valuable information for meteorologists.

 

View image on TwitterView image on Twitter

4:20am ET: Buoy 42058 Winds rebounding quickly in the southern eyewall.

Min pressure from the eye pass: 942.8mb.

 

Hurricane Matthew’s eye first came ashore in the Greater Antilles in the western Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti near the town of Les Anglais around 7 a.m. EDT Tuesday morning, according to the National Hurricane Center.

 

made landfall near Les Anglais, Haiti at 7 am EDT. This is the first Category 4 landfall in Haiti since Cleo in 1964.

 

Matthew was the first Category 4 Haiti landfall since Hurricane Cleo in 1964, and only the fourth such intensity or stronger hurricane to track within 65 nautical miles of southern Haiti’s Tiburon Peninsula since the 1960s, according to NOAA’s Best Tracks Database.

(MORE: Devastation in Haiti)

Hurricane Matthew made a second landfall near Juaco, Cuba, around 8 p.m. EDT Tuesday evening. October 4. An unconfirmed wind gusts to 155 mph was reported in the town of Baracoa, Cuba, in Matthew’s eyewall.

 

Huracán Matthew entra a Cuba por el pueblito de Jauco en Punta de Maisí, Guantánamo, con vientos de 140 mph.

 

Radar from Guantanamo Bay Wednesday morning indicated Matthew’s eyewall had a sizable hole in its western side after passing over Cuba Tuesday night.

MORE ON WEATHER.COM: Hurricane Matthew Photos

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